Canada is a North American Country extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean and north to the Arctic Ocean. It is the second-largest country in the world by total area and it shares the longest land border in the word with the United States. The population is estimated to be approximately 34 million people, and the official languages are English and French.
Canada is one of the world's wealthiest countries, and its citizens enjoy a very high per-capita income. It has a mixed economy, and it ranks above the US and most European nations on the Heritage Foundation's index of economic freedom. Canada's economy is dominated by the service industry, but it enjoys a rich natural resource sector as well. Canada is a large exporter of agricultural resources as well as gold, nickel, aluminum and lead. Canada is the largest producer of zinc and uranium, and thanks to its rich oil sands reserves, natural gas deposits and hydroelectric capacity, it is one of the few nations that are net energy exporters.
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